© [2019], Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg, P.A. Originally published in the [03/18/2019] issue of the Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report. Reprinted by permission.

China has recently increased the value of goods that may be imported duty-free and expanded the number of goods that may be imported via e-commerce. These changes should help foreign companies expand their e-commerce offerings into China.

Effective Jan. 1, 2019, China’s Ministry of Finance increased the value of goods that may enter duty-free in a single shipment from 2,000 CNY to 5,000 CNY ($300 to $750). In addition, the accumulated value of goods that may enter duty-free over a year was increased from 20,000 CNY to 26,000 CNY ($3,000 to 3,900). The e-commerce retail import product list was also recently updated, with the number of eligible products now totaling 1,321.

China’s cross-border e-commerce channel is a unique and complex regime, and there are numerous rules and regulatory requirements to meet to successfully register and become a qualified e-commerce enterprise in China.  The following points provide additional information on this regime and the above changes.

– Products imported via e-commerce are administered as imports for personal use and the individual is liable for applicable duties and taxes. These products are generally free of initial entry permit/license and registration requirements.

– Companies must meet relevant qualifications to become eligible e-commerce importers; these can be e-commerce enterprises, e-commerce platform enterprises, and logistics companies such as couriers and postal operators. E-commerce importers must withhold and pay all requisite duties and taxes.

– If a personal purchase meets one-time and one-year accumulated value limits, duties are waived but the applicable value-added tax/sales taxes are reduced to 70 percent of those established for commercial imports.

– If the value of a single product declared for e-commerce import is greater than 5,000 CNY but less than the 26,000 CNY annual limit, the product will be assessed full duties and taxes as prescribed for commercial imports.

E-Commerce Import Channel Administration & Supervision License Duty* VAT* Sales Tax*
One-time purchase less than 5,000 CNY

Annual accumulated purchases less than 26,000 CNY

Personal item

(个人物品)

Waived

(with certain exceptions)

Zero duty rate (waived) 70% 70%
One-time purchase greater than 5,000 CNY (for one single item) but less than 26,000 CNY Personal item Waived

(with certain exceptions)

100% 100% 100%
One-year accumulated purchases greater than 26,000 CNY Commercial goods

(货物)

Not waived 100% 100% 100%